Deep Vein Thrombosis (Dvt) And Pulmonary Embolism

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Deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which typically affects the legs, is brought on by a blood clot (thrombus) that develops in one or more deep veins of the body. A blood clot in a leg vein can result in discomfort, warmth, and soreness in the affected area. Leg soreness or edema are common adverse effects of deep vein thrombosis and you could develop DVT if you have certain medical conditions which impact how blood clots form.

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and Pulmonary embolism

A blood clot can result from anything that hinders the blood from clotting properly or flowing normally. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is primarily brought on by injury, infection, or damage to a vein as a result of surgery or inflammation. DVT can be dangerous because blood clots in the veins might break away. After that, the clots may move through the bloodstream and become lodged in the lungs, obstructing blood flow. The venous thromboembolism, often known as VTE, is the combined occurrence of DVT and pulmonary embolism.

This pulmonary embolism is brought on when a blood clot that was once lodged in the leg or another body part escapes and enters a blood vessel in the lung. Your risk of developing DVT will increase as you have more risk factors, which include the following:

  • The pressure in the pelvic and leg veins rises during pregnancy and after a baby is born, the risk of blood clots from pregnancy might last for up to six weeks. Those who have hereditary clotting disorders are particularly vulnerable.
  • As some forms of cancer treatment can raise the risk of blood clots, some malignancies increase blood levels of chemicals that cause blood to clot.
  • The risk of DVT and pulmonary embolism is increased in patients with heart failure because even a mild pulmonary embolism might result in more evident symptoms.
  • Factor V Leiden is an inherited dna disorder that alters one of the blood’s clotting factors; on its own, the hereditary disorder may not produce blood clots until combined with additional risk factors.
  • Cigarette smoking alters the flow and coagulation of blood, increasing the possibility of DVT.

There are other conditions that can cause a painful and swollen calf and it can be challenging for a doctor to make a diagnosis based solely on your symptoms. However, whatever you do to prevent DVT, always attempt to elevate your legs when resting as much as you can. The simplest technique to raise your leg is to relax on a sofa with your leg raised on a cushion. This relieves pressure in the calf veins and helps to prevent blood and fluid from accumulating in the calves. Also your foot and calf will be slightly higher than your hip when you are asleep if you sleep with your bed foot lifted a few inches.